Hemoglobin ( HB ): Hemoglobin (Hb) is the protein contained in red blood cells that is responsible for delivery of oxygen to the tissues. To ensure adequate tissue oxygenation, a sufficient hemoglobin level must be maintained. The amount of hemoglobin in whole blood is expressed in grams per deciliter (g/dl). Main Role of Hb in
Hemoglobin ( HB ):
Hemoglobin (Hb) is the protein contained in red blood cells that is responsible for delivery of oxygen to the tissues. To ensure adequate tissue oxygenation, a sufficient hemoglobin level must be maintained. The amount of hemoglobin in whole blood is expressed in grams per deciliter (g/dl).
Main Role of Hb in Human
Hemoglobin is a two-way respiratory carrier, transporting oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and facilitating the return transport of carbon dioxide.
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Normal Level of Hb:
To ensure adequate tissue oxygenation, a sufficient hemoglobin level must be maintained. The amount of hemoglobin in whole blood is expressed in grams per deciliter (g/dl). The normal Hb level for males is 14 to 18 g/dl; that for females is 12 to 16 g/dl. When the hemoglobin level is low, the patient has anemia.
Some Interesting Facts About Hb:
Hemoglobin Facts and Stats. Each red blood cell (RBC) contains about 280 million Hb molecules. The average adult contains about 5 billion RBCs/milliliter of blood. The average adult has about 5 liters of blood.
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Hb Low And High Facts:
What happens if HB is low?
Anemia is a problem of not having enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to all other organs in the body. Having anemia can cause tiredness, weakness and shortness of breath.
To Do If Your Hb Is Low
A doctor may advise a person with extremely low hemoglobin levels to take iron supplements. These work by gradually increasing the body’s iron levels over a few weeks. A doctor may also recommend taking them for several months to increase the body’s iron stores.
What happens if HB is High?
High hemoglobin count occurs when you have unusually high levels of a specific blood protein. The blood protein hemoglobin helps carry oxygen throughout your body and takes carbon dioxide to your lungs. High hemoglobin levels can lead to dizziness, fatigue, easy bruising and other symptoms.
To Do If Your Hb Is High
The treatment for high hemoglobin levels depends on the underlying conditions that led to it. Apart from that, some lifestyle changes, like drinking plenty of water, quitting smoking, and stopping the consumption of iron-containing multivitamins, can also help.
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Dangerously Low Hemoglobin Level
A low hemoglobin level is considered critical when it falls below 7 g/dL. At this point, the body may not be able to function properly due to a lack of oxygen, and medical attention is necessary. Symptoms of critical low hemoglobin levels can include chest pain, confusion, difficulty breathing, and rapid heartbeat
Foods Not to Eat if You Have High Hemoglobin
“This means avoiding dark leafy greens, red meat, dried fruit, legumes, seafood, nuts and seeds, organ meats, and iron-fortified cereals.” (Yes, this is counterintuitive, since many of these foods are staples of a healthy diet in those without high hemoglobin concerns.)
Cancers Cause From High Hemoglobin
- kidney cancer,
- liver cancer,
- polycythemia vera — a rare type of blood cancer.
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What Should You Eat to normalize Your Hemoglobin?
A person with low levels of hemoglobin may benefit from eating more iron-rich foods, such as:
- meat, fish, and poultry.
- organ meats.
- leafy green vegetables, such as kale and broccoli.
- nuts and seeds.
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