Colic in Babies And Infants

Colic in Babies And Infants

Introduction Colic, a term often whispered with concern by new parents, refers to a perplexing phenomenon where a seemingly healthy baby cries incessantly for prolonged periods, without any apparent reason. This enigmatic behavior typically manifests during the first six weeks of life, affecting up to 25% of newborns. The good news is that colic usually


Colic, a term often whispered with concern by new parents, refers to a perplexing phenomenon where a seemingly healthy baby cries incessantly for prolonged periods, without any apparent reason. This enigmatic behavior typically manifests during the first six weeks of life, affecting up to 25% of newborns. The good news is that colic usually resolves spontaneously by the age of 3 to 4 months, bringing relief to both the baby and the frazzled parents.

Defining Colic

Colic is defined as when a baby’s crying:

  • Duration: More than 3 hours a day
  • Frequency: More than 3 days a week
  • Duration: Persists for over 3 weeks

The onset of colic is often sudden, marked by intense and relentless crying, creating a challenging and stressful situation for parents.

Colic in Babies

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Possible Causes of Colic

Despite numerous theories, the exact cause of colic remains elusive. Several hypotheses attempt to shed light on this puzzling behavior in infants.

Sensitivity and Adjustment

  • Newborn Adaptation: Newborns must acclimate to a world filled with lights, loud noises, and unfamiliar surroundings.
  • Temperament Variation: Infants, with their unique temperaments, may react differently to these stimuli, influencing their susceptibility to colic.

Immature Nervous System

  • Self-Soothing Challenges: Some infants struggle to self-soothe due to an immature nervous system.
  • Developmental Aspect: As babies grow older, their ability to control their nervous system improves, often coinciding with the resolution of colic.

Less Likely Causes

Other, less substantiated theories include sensitivity to gas or milk allergy. However, there is limited evidence supporting these as primary contributors to colic.

Colic in Babies

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Identifying Colic in Infants

Detecting colic involves recognizing specific signs in the baby’s behavior:

  • Prolonged Crying: Crying or fussiness for several hours daily, often peaking from 6 p.m. to midnight.
  • Distinct Crying: Colicky crying is characterized by heightened volume, higher pitch, and a more urgent tone.
  • Physical Symptoms: Colicky babies may exhibit symptoms such as frequent burping, a flushed face, a tight belly, leg curling, and fist clenching.

Colic Diagnosed

The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. You may be asked questions such as:

  • How long and how often does your baby cry?
  • Have you found anything that seems to trigger the crying?
  • What comfort methods help to calm your baby, if any?

Blood tests and X-rays or other imaging tests may be done. These can help find out if your baby has other health problems.

Colic in Babies

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Coping Strategies and Treatment

Caring for a colicky infant can be challenging, but various strategies may help soothe both the baby and the concerned parents.

Feeding Techniques

  • Bottle Choice: Utilize a curved bottle for bottle-fed infants.
  • Burping: Frequent burping during and after feeding may reduce air ingestion.

Understanding Your Baby’s Cry

  • Interpretation: Learn to interpret your baby’s cry to distinguish between hunger, discomfort, or colic.
  • Experimentation: Try different positions and provide visual stimuli to identify calming methods.

Relaxation Techniques

  • Bathing: Offer a warm bath to relax the baby.
  • Rocking and Walking: Rocking or walking with the baby can provide a soothing rhythm.

Auditory Soothers

  • White Noise: Use calming sounds such as a fan, white-noise machine, or a heartbeat CD.
  • Visual Distractions: Introduce interesting visuals like different shapes, colors, and textures.


  • Take Breaks: It’s crucial for parents to take breaks, seeking assistance from family or friends for occasional childcare.
  • Stress Reduction: Reducing stress levels positively impacts both parent and baby.

Dietary Adjustments

  • Formula Changes: If bottle-feeding, consider a 1-week trial of a non-milk-based formula if other methods prove ineffective.
  • Breastfeeding Adjustments: For breastfeeding mothers, the provider may suggest avoiding potential allergens like milk, eggs, nuts, or wheat for a specified period.
Colic in Babies

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Potential Complications and Impact on Parents

Colic can have significant repercussions for both parents and infants, including:

  • Parental Stress: The persistent crying can lead to frustration and stress for parents.
  • Sleep Disruption: Both parents and the baby may experience disrupted sleep patterns.
  • Overfeeding Concerns: Attempts to comfort a colicky infant through feeding may inadvertently worsen the condition.
Sleep Disruption

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Living with a Colicky Baby

While navigating the challenges of a colicky baby is undoubtedly stressful, it’s crucial for parents to recognize that colic is a temporary phase. Typically resolving by the age of 3 to 6 months, this period demands patience, understanding, and the application of various soothing techniques. Taking care of oneself is equally vital, ensuring both the well-being of the parent and the comfort of the baby.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Before assuming your child has colic, look for other signs of illness. These may include:

  • Not sucking or drinking a bottle well
  • Drinking less milk than usual
  • Vomiting
  • Having loose stool (diarrhea)
  • Becoming more irritable when held or touched
  • Having a strange-sounding cry
  • Having a change in breathing rate or using extra effort to breathe
  • Being more sleepy or sluggish than normal
  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by your child’s healthcare provider

Call your child’s healthcare provider if you see any of these symptoms. Also call if your baby is crying too much. Your child’s provider will give your baby an exam. This is to make sure that there are no other health problems causing your baby’s symptoms.

Key Points About Colic

  • Colic is when a healthy baby cries for a very long time, for no obvious reason.
  • It affects some babies during the first 3 to 4 months of life.
  • Colic usually begins suddenly, with loud and mostly nonstop crying.
  • Colicky babies can be very difficult to calm down.
  • Changing how your baby is fed, and using different calming methods, can help to soothe a colicky baby.
  • Colic goes away on its own, sometimes by age 3 months. In most cases it is gone by age 6 months.


In conclusion, understanding and managing colic requires a multifaceted approach. From deciphering the possible causes to implementing coping strategies, parents play a crucial role in soothing their colicky infants. Seeking support, both from healthcare providers and the extended community, can significantly alleviate the challenges associated with colic. It’s important to remember that colic is a common phase in a baby’s development and, with time, it tends to subside, bringing relief to both parents and their little one.

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